PSYCHOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF DECISION MAKING PROCESS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH SUBSTANCE ADDICTION

Nariman DARVISHOV

Abstract


The article is devoted to the description of psychological structure of decision making process of people with substance addiction. In article shows the analysis of studies, which points in processual and neuroanathomy features the decision making process. From the processual point of view, decision making in case of drug addiction demonstrates its specificity in all stages of process (setting performances, making choice, feedback processing) that is caused by sensibility to learn through positive reinforcements and by insensibility (or, at least, this sensibility in much lower) to learn from negative reinforcements.

STRUCTURA PSIHOLOGICĂ A PROCESULUI DECIZIONAL LA PERSOANE CU DEPENDENȚĂ DE SUBSTANȚĂ

Articolul este dedicat descrierii structurii psihologice a procesului decizional al persoanelor cu dependență de sub­stanțe. În articol este prezentată o analiză a studiilor, care indică trăsături procesuale și neuroanatomice în procesul de luare a deciziilor. Din punct de vedere procesual, luarea deciziilor în caz de dependență de droguri demonstrează speci­ficul său în toate etapele procesului (stabilirea performanțelor, alegerea, prelucrarea feedback-ului) cauzate de sensibili­tatea de a învăța prin întăriri pozitive și prin insensibilitate (sau, cel puțin, această sensibilitate mult mai scăzută) prin învățarea de la întăriri negative.


Keywords


decision making, addiction, substance addiction, cognitive-behavioral mechanisms, behavioral learning, impulsivness, relapse resilience, time discounting, cognitive neuroscience, clinical psychology.

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References


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