ÎNVĂȚAREA INCIDENTALĂ ÎN ANALIZA APLICATĂ A COMPORTAMENTULUI PENTRU COPIII CU TULBURĂRI DIN SPECTRUL AUTIST

Sabina NEGRU

Abstract


Copiii cu autism prezintă deficite semnificative în abilitățile de imitație, care împiedică dobândirea comportamentelor mai complexe și a socializării și, prin urmare, constituie o sarcină de bază a programelor de intervenție timpurie pentru copiii cu autism. În acest studiu am folosit Baseline Design la trei copii mici cu autism pentru a evalua beneficiile unei tehnici comportamentale naturaliste în programul „Imitarea cu obiecte”. Participanții și-au îmbunătățit abilitățile de imitație și au generalizat aceste abilități în medii noi. Aceste rezultate oferă suport pentru eficientizarea unei intervenții comportamentale inedite la predarea imitației.

INCIDENTAL LEARNING IN APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

Children with autism exhibit significant deficits in imitation skills which impede the acquisition of more complex behaviors and socialization, and are thus an important focus of early intervention programs for children with autism. This study used baseline design across three young children with autism to assess the benefit of a naturalistic behavioral technique for teaching object imitation. Participants improved their imitation skills and generalized these skills to new environments. These results provide support for the effectiveness of a incedental behavioral intervention for teaching imitation.


Keywords


autism, imitation, intervention, behavioral, social communication, incidental, generalisation.

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References


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