WORK – LIFE BALANCE OF PERSONNEL IN UKRAINIAN ORGANIZATIONS: BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

Marianna TKALYCH

Abstract


The paper is devoted to the investigation of the interaction between work and personal, family life of an employee called “work – life balance”. The purpose of the study was to develop the theoretical model of work – life balance and to determine the content and the structure of work – life balance, its resources, benefits, outcomes and enrichment. The analysis of the problem has shown the changes in the social, economic and psychological conditions of organizing the activities of enterprises. The lack of work-life balance leads to burnout, gender disbalance and discrimination, job dissatisfaction, absenteeism. Work – life / life – work conflicts have many important negative outcomes for individuals, their personal life, families and organizations. On the base of the experimental research, we have identified the following conditions for the implementation of work – life balance programs: involving personnel at all levels, team approach, clear indicators of job performance and quality of life of the staff, warranty for the staff, remuneration, communication, the inclusion of the work – life balance concept into the HR strategy of the organization.

ECHILIBRUL MUNCĂ-FAMILIE LA ANGAJAȚII DIN ORGANIZAȚIILE DIN UCRAINA: CADRU TEORETIC ȘI CONTEXT

 

În prezenta lucrare analizăm interacțiunea dintre muncă și viața privată/ familie la angajați, referindu-ne la „echilibrul muncă-familie”. Ne-am propus să elaborăm un model teoretic privind echilibrul muncă-viață privată, analizând conținutul și structura echilibrului muncă-viață privată, factorii care determină acest echilibru, beneficiile, efectele pe care le produce și influența pe care o are asupra îmbogățirii de rol. Analizând problema dată, am evidențiat anumite schimbări sociale, economice și de ordin psihologic în activitatea organizațiilor. Lipsa echilibrului muncă-viață privată determină apariția sindromului arderii profesionale, a dezechilibrului și discriminării de gen, a sentimentelor de insatisfacție la locul de muncă, a absenteismului. Conflictul muncă-familie/ familie-muncă se răsfrânge negativ asupra indivizilor, vieții private și familiei acestora, inclusiv asupra organizației. În baza cercetărilor experimentale am identificat următoarele condiții pentru implementarea programelor ce vizează echilibrul muncă-viață privată: implicarea personalului de la toate nivelu­rile organizaționale, abordarea de echipă, stabilirea unor indicatori clari de performanță la locul de muncă și calitatea vieții angajaților, un sistem de garanții pentru angajați, remunerarea, comunicarea, includerea conceptului de echilibru muncă-familie în strategiile organizaționale privind resursele umane.


Keywords


work-life balance, personnel of organizations, work-life balance programmes, psychological support of personnel.

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References


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