PRACTICI SOCIALE ȘI IMPLICAȚII ALE REPREZENTĂRII „CELUILALT” ÎN CONSTRUCȚIA REPREZENTĂRII SOCIALE A PANDEMIEI COVID-19

Natalia COJOCARU

Abstract


În cadrul acestui articol vom examina cum se prezintă pandemia COVID-19 ca un „obiect sensibil” și cum acest obiect social de reprezentare generează „reprezentări sociale polemice” („RS polemice”), dat fiind controversele medicale, so­ciale și religioase. Pentru început, vom argumenta de ce, în viziunea noastră, pandemia este un „obiect sensibil” și cum se răsfrânge acest fapt asupra unei reprezentări sociale în germene. Deoarece nu vorbim despre o reprezentare articulată în imaginarul social, ci despre una în construcție, vor fi analizate aspecte relevante în procesul de articulare a reprezentării despre pandemie (conținuturi reprezentaționale preexistente, semnificații atribuite noilor practici sociale și implicații ale acestor practici la nivel intergrupuri), în vederea clarificării unor direcții pentru studiul empiric pe care intenționăm să-l realizăm. Trei practici sociale pe care le considerăm definitorii în construcția reprezentării despre pandemie, implicit cu efecte intra- și intergrupale, ar fi: 1) purtatul măștii, 2) distanțarea fizică și 3) autoizolarea. Toate trei însă par să fie integrate cu dificultate (deocamdată) în sistemul de practici sociale existente.

 

SOCIAL PRACTICES AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE OTHER IN THE GENESIS OF THE SOCIAL REPRESENTATION OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC

This article examines how the COVID-19 pandemic is presented as a “sensitive object” and how this social object of representation generates “polemic social representations” (“polemic SR”) given the medical, social and religious controversies. To begin with, I will argue why the pandemic is a “sensitive object” and how this generates the elaboration of a new representation. Therefore, given that the representation of the pandemic is not well articulated in the social imaginary, I will analyse some aspects regarding the process of its elaboration (pre-existing representational contents, meanings attributed to new social practices, and implications of these social practices at the intergroup level) in order to outline some directions for the intended empirical study. I have looked, in particular, at three social practices that I consider defining in the construction of the representation of the pandemic, implicitly with intra- and intergroup effects: 1) mask wearing 2) physical distancing and 3) self-isolation. All three seem to be hardly integrated (for the time being) into the existing system of social practices.


Keywords


sensitive objects, polemic social representations, COVID-19 pandemic.

Full Text:

PDF

References


COLLERETTE, P. [1996]. Metoda studiilor de caz. În: A. MUCCHIELLI. (coord.). Dicţionar al metodelor calit¬a-tive în ştiinţele sociale şi umane. Iaşi: Polirom, 2002, p.407-412.

JETTEN, J., REICHER, S.D., HASLAM, A.S. and CRUWIS, T. (Eds.). Toghether Apart. The Psychology of COVID-19. London: Sage Publications, 2020.

Ibidem.

WOLTER, R.P. Obiecte cu valenţă afectivă puternică: noţiunea de nexus. În: M.-L. ROUQUETTE (coord.). Gândirea socială. Perspective fundamentale şi cercetări aplicate. Iaşi: Polirom, 2009/2010, p.51-86.

Ibidem.

MOSCOVICI, S. Notes towards a descriptions of social representations. In: European Journal of Social Psychology, 1988, vol.18, p.211-250.

PSALTIS, C., CARRETERO, M. and ČEHAJIĆ-CLANCY, S. (Eds.). History education and conflict transformation. Social psychological theories, history teaching and reconciliation. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

DUBEY, S., BISWAS, P., GHOSH, R., CHATTEJEE, S., DUBEY, M.J., CHATTERJEE, Sb., LAHIRI, D. and LAVIE, C.J. Psychosocial impact of COVID-19. In: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome. Clinical Research and Reviews, 2020, vol.14, p.779-788.

Ibidem.

IMNOFF, R. and LAMBERTY, P. A bioweapon or a hoax? The link between distinct conspiracy beliefs about the coronavirus desease (COVID-19) and outbreak and pandemic behaviour. In: Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1-9 (first published online: July, 2020).

Ibidem.

Ibidem.

JASPAL, R and NERLICH, B. Social representations, identity threat and coping amid COVID-19. In: Psychological Trauma, 2020, vol.12, p.S249-S251.

MOSCOVICI, S. Op. cit.

JASPAL, R. and NERLICH, B. Op. cit.

Ibidem.

BENZIMAN, Y. “Winning” the “Battle” and “Beating” the COVID-19 “Enemy”: Leaders’ Use of War Frames to Define the Pandemic. In: Peace and Cœnflict. Journal of Peace Psychology, 2020, vol.26, no.3, p.247-256.

PÁEZ, D. and PÉREZ, J.A. Social representations of COVID-19. In: International Journal of Social Psychology, 2020 (April), p.1-5.

LUPTON, D. Contextualising COVID-19. Sociocutural perspectives on contagion. In: D. LUPTON and K. WILLIS (Eds.). The Coronavirus Crisis. Social Perspectives. London: Routledge, 2021 (forthcoming).

GUIMELLI, C. Concerning the structure of social representations. In: Papers on Social Representations, 1993, vol.2, no.2, p.85-92.

Ibidem.

Ibidem.

ILUȚ, P. Sinele și cunoașterea lui. Iași: Polirom, 2001.

CRUWYS, T. Risk perceptions. In: J.JETTEN., S.D. REICHER., A.S. HASLAM and T.CRUWIS (Eds.). Toghether Apart. The Psychology of COVID-19. London: Sage Publications, 2020, p.68-72.

DUBEY, et al. Op. cit.

BENTLEY, S.V. Social isolaton. In: J.JETTEN, S.D. REICHER, A.S. HASLAM and T.CRUWIS (Eds.). Toghether Apart. The Psychology of COVID-19. London: Sage Publications, 2020, p.73-78.

Ibidem.

PROSSER, A., JUDGE, M., BOLDERDIJK, J., BLACKWOOD, l. and KURZ, T. „Distancers” and „non-distacers”? The potential social psychological impact of moralizing COVID-19 mittigating practices on sustained behavioral change. In: British Journal od Social Psychology, 2020, no.59, p.653-662.

JETTEN, I. et al. Op. cit.

Ibidem.

CRUWYS, T. Op. cit.

PIZZARO, J. et al. Tell me what you are like and I will tell you what are you beleive in: Social representations of the COVID-19 in America, Europa, and Asia. In: Papers of social representations, 2020, vol.10, p.X.1-X.38.

ANDERSON, J. Social distancing isn’t the right language for what Covid-19 asks of us. In : Qaurtz, 2020 (Disponibil online: https://qz.com/1830347/social-distancing-isnt-the-right-language-for-what-covid-19-asks-of-us/. [Accesat: 12.12.2020].

JASPAL, R. and NERLICH, B. Op. cit.

Ibidem.

CRUWYS, T. Op. cit.

PROSSER, A. et al. Op. cit.

JETTEN, I. et al. Op. cit.

HASLAM, A. Leadership. In: J.JETTEN, S.D. REICHER, A.S. HASLAM and T.CRUWIS (Eds.). Toghether Apart. The Psychology of COVID-19. London: Sage Publications, 2020, p.34-40.

JETTEN, I. et al. Op. cit.

Ibidem.

Ibidem.

PROSSER, A. et al. Op. cit.

Ibidem.

STEFFENS, N.K. Compiance and followership. In: J.JETTEN, S.D. REICHER, A.S. HASLAM and T.CRUWIS (Eds.). Toghether Apart. The Psychology of COVID-19. London: Sage Publications, 2020, p.41-45.

JETTEN, I. et al. Op. cit.

PÁEZ, D. and PÉREZ, J. Op. cit.

JASPAL, R. and NERLICH, B. op. cit.

FÈLICIEN, K.K., FABRICE, D.A. and FABRICE, S.A. Social representations of COVID-19 and stigmatization of healthcare personnel and people attained by abidjanese populations, Cote d’Ivoire. In: Technium Social Science Journal, 2020, vol.9, p.352-363.

Ibidem.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.