FICTIVE MOTION: A COGNITIVE LINGUISTICS APPROACH

Tatiana CHITII

Abstract


Sentences like the road runs along the valley or the tattoo runs along the spine are used by speakers in everyday language. Even though these sentences contain verbs of motion, actual motion does not take place. Cognitive linguists claim that such sentences imply a sense of motion and term it – fictive motion (Talmy), abstract motion (Langacker) or subjective motion (Matsumoto). In some cases, fictive motion is believed to involve simulated motion, when the reader simulates motion along a portion of the road, in others, simulated visual scanning – the language user (if no travelable path is present) visually scans the trajectory. This article presents an overview of opinions and experiments concerning this phenomenon. The cognitive treatment of fictive motion rightly points to the connection between experience and linguistic meaning.

 

MIȘCAREA PRIN PRISMA LINGVISTICII COGNITIVE – MIȘCAREA FICTIVĂ

Enunțurile Drumul se întinde de-a lungul câmpului sau Tatuajul rulează de-a lungul coloanei vertebrale sunt adesea folosite de vorbitori în viața de zi cu zi. Chiar dacă aceste enunțuri conțin verbe de mișcare, mișcarea de facto sau vreo schimbare de stare nu are loc. Lingviștii cognitivi susțin că exemplele date totuși exprimă un fel de mișcare implicită și numesc acest fenomen mișcare fictivă (Talmy), abstractă (Langacker) sau subiectivă (Matsumoto). În unele cazuri se consideră că mișcarea fictivă implică simularea mișcării, în altele – scanearea vizuală simulată. Acest fel de mișcare stimulată mental de-a lungul unui traseu sau a unei configurații lineare motivează folosirea anumitor clase de verbe de mișcare în mod figurat. Acest articol are drept scop prezentarea succintă a ceea ce lingviștii cognitivi numesc mișcare fictivă, clasificarea, motivarea și conceptualizarea ei. Este o sinteză de opinii și experimente efectuate de numeroși cercetători pe marginea acestui subiect.


Keywords


fictive motion, conceptualization, conceptualizer, fictive motion constructions / construal.

Full Text:

PDF

References


LACKOFF, G. & TURNER, M. More than cool reason. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1989, p.36-61. ISBN: 978-0226468129

LANGACKER, R.W. Abstract motion. Proceeding of the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, 1986. p.455-471. ISSN: 2377-1666

LANGACKER, R.W. Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction Oxford: Ox¬ford University Press, 2008, p.43-85. ISBN13: 9780195331950

MATLOCK, T. How real is fictive motion? Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of California, Santa Cruz. 2001. 80 p.

MATLOCK, T. The conceptual motivation of fictive motion. Memory and Cognition, vol.32, 2004, p.1389-1400. ISSN: 0090-502X

MATLOCK, T. Fictive motion as cognitive simulation. Sanford University 2004. Disponibil: http://citeseerx.ist.psu. edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.124.3060&rep=rep1&type=pdf

MATSUMOTO, Yo. How abstract is subjective motion? A comparison of coverage path expressions and access path expressions, from Conceptual Structure, Discourse and Language, Stanford, CSLI Publications, 1996, p.183-226

TALMY, L. Towards a cognitive semantics, vol.1. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000, p.99-122. ISBN: 9780262201209

International Cognitive Linguistics Conference: Linguistic diversity and Cognitive Linguistics, 10-14 July, Tartu, Estonia. Disponibil: http://iclc14.ut.ee/sites/default/files/proovin/files/book_of_abstracts_13.07.2017.pdf

VALENZUELA, J., ROJO, A. Fictive Motion in English and Spanish. Disponibil: https://www.um.es/lincoing/jv/ 2003%20Fictive%20Motion%20IJES.pdf

MATLOCK, T. Depicting fictive motion in drawings. Cognitive linguistics investigations: Across languages, fields and philosophical boundaries, edited by J. Benjamins, Amsterdam, 2006, p.67-85. ISBN: 9789027223685


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.