ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES: EVOLUTION AND PERSPECTIVES

Viorica ICHIM

Abstract


The domain of the English for Specific Purposes (ESP), which refers to the communicatory needs and practices of particular professional or occupational groups of learners, has developed apace to become a weighty force in the English language teaching and research. Displaying changing characteristics, the ESP has always been forming itself to meet the specific professional or vocational language necessities of different learners, and thus it is always appropriate and of current importance. This article briefly examines some of the head steps of the evolution of the English for Specific Purposes, which appeared in the second part of the last century as a technical texts-analysis area, and since then has been perceived as an approach or a discipline. It first examines the emergence of the phenomenon of ESP and then goes on to the most important stages of its evolution underlining that, the ESP gains its strength from diverse theoretical foundations and commitment to research-based language education, which tries to reveal the ascendancy of social contexts on language use and the ways learners can gain control over these. The paper also points out the most recent ESP phases and the contribution of important international journals to the development of the field, and gives an overview of recent investigations into genre theory and in the area of corpus linguistics. The final section summarizes the most notable achievements of ESP research practice and discusses its possible future developments.

 

ENGLEZA PENTRU SCOPURI SPECIFICE: EVOLUŢIE ŞI PERSPECTIVE

Domeniul limbii engleze pentru scopuri specifice (ESS), care se referă la necesitățile și practicile comunicative specifice anumitor grupuri profesionale de studenți, s-a dezvoltat rapid și a devenit o forță motrice puternică în procesul de studiere și predare a limbii engleze. ESS se dezvoltă în permanență pentru a satisface necesitățile lingvistice profe­sio­nale specifice diferitelor categorii de persoane, care studiază limba engleză și, deci, este întotdeauna relevantă și actuală. Acest articol examinează pe scurt principalele etapele ale evoluției limbii engleze pentru scopuri specifice, care a apărut în a doua jumătate a secolului trecut ca un domeniu de analiză a textelor tehnice și care, din acel moment, a fost percepută ca un mod de abordare sau disciplină. Mai întâi este examinată apariția fenomenului ESS, după care se trece la expunerea celor mai importante etape ale evoluției ei menționându-se faptul că la temelia ESS se află diverse fundații teoretice și angajamentul față de educația lingvistică bazată pe cercetare, care încearcă să demonstreze influența contextelor sociale asupra utilizării limbajului și să depisteze modalități eficiente de învățare a limbii engleze. În lucrare sunt menționate, de asemenea, cele mai recente etape distincte ale evoluției ESS și contribuția revistelor internaționale importante la dezvoltarea domeniului, se face o trecere în revistă a investigațiilor recente referitoare la teoria genului și lingvistica corpusului. În secțiunea finală sunt prezentate succint cele mai notabile rezultate ale cercetărilor în domeniul englezei pentru scopuri specifice și expuse posibilele evoluții ale acesteia.


Keywords


English for Specific Purposes (ESP), history of ESP, ESP definitions, ESP development

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References


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