SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

Ludmila COBZARI, Luminita SUVEICA, Denis VOSTRICOV, Aurelia CRIVOI, Iurie BACALOV, Elena CHIRIŢA, Adriana DRUŢA, Ana ILIEŞ, Iulian PARA, Ilona POZDNEACOVA, Lidia COJOCARI

Abstract


Background. Waste collection, transport, processing, and disposal are important for both environmental and public health reasons. Different elements have been proposed to reduce, reuse, recycle, recover energy and finally dispose of municipal solid waste, but the environmental impacts of these are controversial. Several studies of the possible health effects on populations living in proximity of landfills and incinerators have been published and both landfills and inci­ne­rators have been associated with some harmful effects over the quality of life. Consequently, there is controversy over the possible health implications of waste management policies and both policy makers and the public require more in­for­mation on the likely health impacts (and importantly, the associated nature and extent of the uncertainties).

Objectives. The purpose of this paper is to underline the possible social and economic effects caused by Municipal Solid Waste Management Policies.

Data and Methods. The method of analysis, synthesis method, logic and dialectic method, normative method, the study of statistical sampling and time series, personal observations, and monographic studies were used for drafting this article.

Results. The expected result of MSW Management in several regions of the Republic of Moldova can significantly improve the quality of public health.

 

EFECTUL SOCIAL ȘI ECONOMIC AL POLITICII DE GESTIUNE A DEȘEURILOR ÎN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA

Premise și context. Colectarea, transportul, prelucrarea și eliminarea deșeurilor sunt importante atât din motive de mediu, cât și din motive de sănătate publică. Se propun diferite elemente pentru reducerea, reutilizarea, reciclarea, re­cuperarea energiei și, în cele din urmă, pentru eliminarea deșeurilor solide municipale, însă impactul acestor strategii asupra mediului este controversat. Au fost publicate mai multe studii privind posibilele efecte asupra sănătății populației care locuiește în imediata apropiere a depozitelor de deșeuri și a incineratoarelor, atât depozitele de deșeuri, cât și in­ci­ne­ratoarele fiind asociate cu unele efecte nocive asupra calității vieții. În consecință, există păreri controversate cu pri­vire la posibilele consecințe asupra sănătății ale politicilor de gestionare a deșeurilor, iar atât factorii de decizie politică, cât și publicul solicită mai multe informații despre impactul probabil asupra sănătății (și, implicit, natura și amploa­­rea asociate incertitudinilor).

Obiective. Scopul acestei lucrări este de a scoate în evidență posibilele efecte sociale și economice cauzate de politica de gestionare a deșeurilor urbane solide.

Date și metode. Pentru elaborarea acestui articol au fost utilizate metoda de analiză, metoda de sinteză, metoda lo­­gi­că și dialectică, studiul eșantionării statistice și a seriilor de timp, observațiile personale și studiile monografice.

Rezultate. Rezultatul așteptat al managementului eficient al deșeurilor solide  municipale în mai multe regiuni ale Republicii Moldova poate îmbunătăți semnificativ calitatea sănătății publice.


Keywords


MSW, Waste Management Policy, Landfills, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Health, Morbidity, Recycling.

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References


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